Note: DO NOT run install.php at any time during an upgrade. It will empty your content from the database.
- Update Drupal core, modules and themes to the latest Drupal 6 versions. (Follow best practices here. As usual, you should back up your site and database prior to doing this.)
- Backup your existing site and database.
- Log in as user ID 1 (the site maintenance user).
This is the user name that you created during the installation process for your site.
- Put your site in maintenance mode
Go to the site maintenance page (Administer > Site configuration > Site maintenance or
http://www.example.com/admin/settings/site-maintenance). Select "Off-line" and save the configuration. If you have defined a custom maintenance theme in your settings.php file, comment it out before proceeding.
- Change all themes to Garland
Go to the Themes page (Administer > Site building > Themes or
http://www.example.com/admin/build/themes). Enable "Garland" and select it as the default theme. If you have been using a separate theme for administration, select "Garland" for your administration theme as well. You can find the administration theme setting at (Administer > Site configuration > Administration Theme or
http://www.example.com/admin/settings/admin). If you are using a custom maintenance theme, comment out
'maintenance_theme' => 'your theme name'in settings.php.
- Disable non-core modules
Go to the Modules page (Administer > Site building > Modules or
http://www.example.com/admin/build/modules). Disable all modules that are not listed under "Core - required" or "Core - optional". It is possible that some modules cannot be disabled, because others depend on them. Repeat this step until all non-core modules are disabled.
If you know that you will not re-enable some modules for Drupal 7.x and you no longer need their data, then you can uninstall them under the Uninstall tab after disabling them.
You can also use Drush to disable all non-core modules (first save a list of all enabled modules):
drush pml --no-core --type=module --status=enabled --pipe > modules.txt
xargs -a modules.txt drush -y dis
xargs -a modules.txt drush -y en
- Remove default settings file
On the command line or in your FTP client, remove the file
- Remove all old core files and directories
Remove all old core files and directories, except for the 'sites' directory and any custom files you added elsewhere. If you made modifications to files like
robots.txt, you will need to re-apply them from your backup, after the new files are in place.
- Remove uninstalled modules
If you uninstalled any modules, remove them from the
sites/*/modulesdirectories. Leave other modules in place, even though they are incompatible with Drupal 7.x.
- Download Drupal 7
Download the latest Drupal 7.x release to a directory outside of your web root. Extract the archive and copy the files into your Drupal directory.
On a typical Unix/Linux command line, use the following commands to download
tar -zxvf drupal-x.y.tar.gz
This creates a new directory
drupal-x.y/containing all Drupal files and directories. Copy the files into your Drupal installation directory:
cp -R drupal-x.y/* drupal-x.y/.htaccess /path/to/your/installation
If you do not have command line access to your server, download the archive using your web browser, extract it, and then use an FTP client to upload the files to your web root.
- Re-apply modifications to core files
Re-apply any modifications to files such as
- Make your
settings.phpfile writeable, so that the update process can convert it to the format of Drupal 7.x.
settings.phpis usually located in
- Run the update script
www.example.comwith your domain name). This will update the core database tables.
If you are unable to access
update.phpdo the following:
settings.phpwith a text editor.
- Find the line that says:
$update_free_access = FALSE;
- Change it into:
$update_free_access = TRUE;
- Once the upgrade is done,
$update_free_accessmust be reverted to
- Backup your database
Backup your database after the core upgrade has run.
- Upgrade fields
If you were using CCK (and perhaps additional modules) to create fields for your content types, you will need to upgrade the data in those fields as a separate step. Download the Drupal 7 CCK module, and turn on Content Migration. Go to Structure > Migrate Fields or
http://example/com/admin/structure/content_migratefor a page to walk you through the migration process. There are now several types of fields in core, but not every type. You might need to download Drupal 7 versions of contributed modules to support other types of fields (such as the References module for nodereference fields and/or userreference fields). Learn more about migrating content from CCK to Core Fields.
- Update contrib modules and themes
Replace and update your non-core modules and themes, following the procedures at http://drupal.org/node/948216
- Check the Status Report
Go to the Status Report page (Administration > Reports > Status or
http://www.example.com/admin/reports/status). Verify that everything is working as expected.
- Make sure settings.php is secure
Remove write permissions.
- Check Drupal Core Modules
Make sure that standard modules from a typical fresh install are engaged. Some modules that may not be engaged are: 'Dashboard', 'Contextual Links', 'Overlay', 'Field', 'File', 'Image' and 'Shortcut'.
- Remove your site from Maintenance Mode
Go to the Maintenance Mode page (Administration > Configuration > Development > Maintenance or
http://www.example.com/admin/config/development/maintenance). Disable the "Put site into maintenance mode" checkbox and save the configuration.