No fields values are rendered with the 2.7 release of Views (Markers are rendered correctly though), it mentions a re-ordering of field rendering:
Note: Views 2.7 contains some rearrangment of the order of field rendering. While I didn't see any errors or hear of any errors due to this, it may affect some external style plugins. If you have a problem with how fields render and are using a non Views-core style, please doublecheck with the 'table' or 'unformatted' styles and see if the problem persists. If it does not, it may well be the style provided by a module.
I don't know enough about Views to fix it but I'm having a go - with little success so far!